The results of Fortinet Threat Intelligence Insider Latin America for the third quarter of 2019 reveal the continuous increasing of malware, exploits and botnet activity in Latin America and the Caribbean. The main activities include unwanted adds, criptojacking, IoT intrusions, exploit of vulnerabilities and malware for steal information from users.
What are the risk areas?
In regard to the most detected vulnerabilities, DoublePulsar, the backdoor used by the WannaCry ransomware, is still a mechanism for distributing malware in Latin America. Considering it takes advantage of already resolved vulnerabilities, its continuous use evidences the vast software footprint without updates in the region, affecting companies and individuals alike.
Different variations of exploits for ransomware are still very active in Latin America.
How to defend from such multi-pronged attacks?
Botnets still raising and evidence that the common problems with IoT devices continue. Default or weak passwords are the main infection vector for Mirai botnet. Millions of devices are connected and controlled for increase infections and Denial of Services attacks. Botnets are evolving and today are able to infect not only consumers but business IoT devices for use these as proxy for anonymize transactions of the dark market.
During the third quarter of 2019, a growing number of WIFICAM attempts were detected in Latin America, an attack that aims to take control of IP cameras. Another sign of the risk that IoT devices run without proper protection from the network.
What are the implications for compromised IoT devices?
The report also reveals the most common infections in Latin America and the Caribbean: