The results of Fortinet Threat Intelligence Insider Latin America for the fourth quarter of 2019 reveal the continuous increasing of malware, exploits and botnet activity in Latin America and the Caribbean. In the last quarter of the year, the region suffered more than 9 billion attempts to attack, totaling 85 billion in 2019.
The report also reveals the most common infections in Latin America and the Caribbean:
As we have seen throughout the year, DoublePulsar, the backdoor used by the WannaCry ransomware, is still a mechanism for distributing malware in the region. Considering it takes advantage of already resolved vulnerabilities, its continuous use evidences the vast software footprint without updates in Latin America, affecting companies and individuals alike. DoublePulsar is mainly targeted to banks and financial service companies.
The Emotet botnet (aimed at attacking mostly banks) reappears prominently in FortiGuard detections for the fourth quarter, and Latin America provides a 45% presence of this botnet globally.
Emotet is a Trojan malware that targets Windows platform. It contacts Command and Control servers via HTTP or HTTPS requests. A remote attacker can issue commands to the malware to perform different operations. Emotet can download and install additional malware such as ransomware.
FortiGuard detected relevant threats aimed at Cryptocurrency in Latin America and the Caribbean this fourth quarter of 2019. Here are some examples of this trend:
Different variations of malware, trojans and exploits for ransomware are still very active in Latin America.
How to defend from such multi-pronged attacks?